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Doxycycline and co-amoxiclav were compared in a randomized clinical trial involving adult patients with acute suppurative tracheobronchitis. Patients were treated for 5 to 10 days with either antibiotic following three schemes: co-amoxiclav 500 mg three times daily, or doxycycline 200 mg on day 1 followed by 100 mg daily, or 200 mg daily. Assessment after 5-9 days was based only on clinical parameters. Patients with inadequate response to the initial treatment were crossed over to the alternative antibiotic. Of the 210 patients enrolled, 206 were available for evaluation of efficacy. Both antibiotic regimens proved equally efficacious, with rates of clinical response (cure or improvement) of 89% and 91% for doxycycline and coamoxiclav, respectively. Patients who were crossed over to the alternative antibiotic had a significantly lower cure rate after their second course of antibiotics (22% compared with 70%). Adverse effects, most often of gastro-intestinal origin, were more common in the co-amoxiclav group than in the doxycycline-treated group, but rarely caused cessation of treatment.
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About 7% of 7,252 nonduplicated clinical Escherichia coli strains from a Spanish hospital showed reduced susceptibility to amoxicillin-clavulanate. Of these, 0.37% produced the IRTs TEM-30, TEM-31, TEM-33, TEM-34, TEM-37, TEM-40, TEM-51, and TEM-54; 5.3% were probable class C beta-lactamase overproducers; 0.8% were probable TEM-1 hyperproducers; 0.18% produced OXA-30; 0.15% overexpressed SHV-1; and 0.03% produced a PSE-1 enzyme.
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In this study in vitro susceptibility of three different bacteria, which are able to release various Beta-lactamases, against combinations of clavulanic acid + amoxicillin and sulbactam + ampicillin were compared with susceptibility to ampicillin alone and cefazolin of same strains.
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The records of 196 women who underwent colposuspension for genuine stress incontinence at the Leicester General Hospital, England, between June 1991 and May 1996 were reviewed for evidence of urinary tract infection (UTI). Variables analyzed include age, type of antibiotic, timing of a positive culture, organism(s) responsible and antibiotic sensitivity. Forty-six patients (23.47%) developed urinary infection; of these, 42 had received single-dose antibiotic prophylaxis with suprapubic catheterization. Thirty-two (76%) of those who developed UTI received augmentin (amoxycillin and clavulanic acid), whereas 10 (24%) were given cefuroxime and metronidazole. Positive cultures were obtained between postoperative days 3 and 28, with a mean of 9.6 days, and 81% occurred after the 7th day. Coliform organisms were responsible for nearly 70% of the infections. UTI is still common after colposuspension, despite single-dose antibiotic prophylaxis. Further studies looking at longer or alternative courses of antibiotics or clean intermittent self-catheterization are essential to establish the best way of curbing UTI in urogynecology patients.
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Patients' signs and symptoms were assessed by physical examination and by both physician and parental forced-choice questionnaires 1, 3, and 24 months after treatment. The decision to proceed to surgery or to continue expectant management was made for all patients by the same physician, based on reported symptoms and physical findings.
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In a double-blind, cross-over, placebo-controlled study, 12 patients on stable warfarin therapy, received a 7 day amoxiclav regimen or placebo.
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The purpose of this study was to investigate the value of the use of prophylactic antibiotics in spontaneous epistaxis cases treated with anterior nasal packing.
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All secondary peritonitis cases at our institution between 1998 and 2000 were included. Susceptibility to imipenem and amoxicillin/clavulanate of microorganisms isolated in peritoneal fluid and success rates were compared. Therapeutic failure was defined as death, necessity of repeated surgical intervention, or clinical deterioration with persistent positive cultures.
Significant differences were found in all cases between the bactericidal activity of active serum+PMN (AUKC(K) - AUKC(S+PMN)) and that of inactivated serum (AUKC(K) - AUKC(IS)) with therapeutic indexes ranging from 0.56 to 3.04. At 1.5 h after dosing, a significantly higher bactericidal activity of co-amoxiclav was obtained when opsonophagocytosis occurred (samples with active serum and PMN) than when not occurring (killing curves with inactivated serum and without PMN), for all amoxicillin non-susceptible strains.
The studies aimed at analysing the resistance to some beta-lactam antibiotics among E. coli and K. pneumoniae clinical isolates and at evaluating. The extended spectrum of beta-lactamases (ESBL) production in the isolates. The analysis included 137 E. coli strains and 52 K. pneumoniae strains, isolated from hospitalized patients and out-patients treated in the first trimester of 1998. The strains were identified using the ATB computer system. Antibiotic sensitivity of the isolates was determined by disc-diffusion tests. ESBL production capacity of E. coli and K. pneumoniae strains was estimated by double-disc and ATB BLSA tests. Most of the analysed E. coli strains were found to exhibit significant sensitivity to compound penicillin preparations containing beta-lactam inhibitor (Augmentin, Tazocin) and to the third generation cefalosporins, in contrast, K. pneumoniae strains much more frequently were resistant to the drugs. Among the obtained isolates, 3 (2.2%) E. coli strains and 21 (40.4%) K. pneumoniae strains produced ESBL but all the isolates proved sensitive to imipenem. In evaluation of ESBL production-detecting tests, the double-disc test was found to be more reliable than ATB BLSA test.
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Cutaneous tuberculosis is an uncommon disease and tuberculosis affecting the eyelid alone is even more rare. The clinical presentation is polymorphous which explains a diagnosis delay. Its treatment is based on antitubercular drugs chemotherapy. Authors report through an observation the case of a child with eyelid tuberculosis and discuss a difficult diagnosis, a physiopathogeny of eyelid tuberculosis, its diagnosis and treatment.
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In total 38,530 positive urine samples processed at our laboratory originated in the community of which 23,838 (56.7%) had E. coli as the infecting organism. The prevalence of E. coli has been increasing in recent years in community UTIs with 70.4% of UTIs in the community caused by E.coli in 2009. Ampicillin and trimethoprim were the least-active agents against E. coli with mean 11-year resistance rates of 60.8 and 31.5%, respectively. Significant trends of increasing resistance over the 11-year period were identified for trimethoprim, co-amoxyclav, cefuroxime and gentamicin. Ciprofloxacin remains a reasonable empirical antibiotic choice in this community with an 11-year resistance rate of 10.6%. Higher antibiotic resistance rates were identified in the male population and in children.