Fifty-seven Salmonella enterica serotype Typhimurium (S. typhimurium) isolates were collected from human patients in two French hospitals, Hôpital Antoine Béclère (Clamart, France) and Hôpital Bicêtre (Le Kremlin-Bicêtre, France), between 1996 and 1997. Thirty of them (52 percent) were resistant to amino-, carbeni-, and ureidopenicillins, had reduced susceptibility to amoxicillin-clavulanic acid, were susceptible to cephalothin, and were resistant to sulfonamides, streptomycin, chloramphenicol, and tetracyclines. All these strains possessed a blaPSE-1-like gene and were of phage type DT104. Ten of them were studied in more detail, which revealed that blaPSE-1 is located on the variable region of a class 1 integron. This integron was found to be chromosomally located, as was another class 1 integron containing aadA2, a streptomycin-spectinomycin resistance gene. The reduced susceptibility to amoxicillin-clavulanic acid (and to ticarcillin-clavulanic acid) may result from the high level of hydrolysis of the beta-lactam rather than to the clavulanic acid resistance properties of PSE-1 in these clonally related S. typhimurium isolates.
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Propionibacterium acnes is the gram positive anaerobic bacteria belongs to the normal skin and oral microbial flora. The participation of this microorganism in the infective endocarditis is still controversial. The aim of the study was to perform the diagnostic and therapeutic difficulties in 5 patients with infective endocarditis caused by Propionibacterium acnes. In 3 out of 5 patients the infective endocarditis developed after prosthesis valve replacement, in 2 others on the native valves. The inserted prostheses were mechanical ones, propionibacterium acnes was identified as causative organisms in all of the causes (two positive blood and/or valve culture). The bacterial strains were sensitive to the antibiotics as: penicillins, cephalosporins, clindamycin, and vancomycin, however cephalosporins used at the beginning of the treatment in 3 patients and clindamycin in 1 patient had limited clinical efficacy. Later treatment with timentin, augmentin and tienamycin was successful in 3 patients; one patient was cured with vancomycin. One patient died because of septic, embolic complication in early stage of illness. We conclude the effectiveness of penicillins in combination with clavulanic acid and tienamycin in therapy of infective endocarditis due to Propionibacterium acnes. The treatment should be lasted during 4-6 weeks.
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Studies concerning prognostic factors specific for alendronate-related osteonecrosis of the jaws (ONJ) are rare.
A retrospective chart review included eight patients, who experienced mastoiditis, in the context of cochlear implantation at our center from August 2005 to November 2012. During this period 806 implant surgeries were completed.
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To compare amoxicillin-clavulanic acid with cefazolin as ultra-short-term prophylaxis in laparotomic gynecologic surgery.
Fifty-four clinical isolates of Branhamella catarrhalis from patients with bronchopulmonary infections were studied. The MICs for 50 and 90% of the isolates and the geometric mean MICs were determined for 11 antimicrobial agents. All the strains were resistant to trimethoprim but were susceptible to clavulanate-potentiated amoxicillin (Augmentin; Beecham Research Laboratories, London), chloramphenicol, co-trimoxazole, erythromycin, cefotaxime, and cefuroxime. Beta-lactamase-negative strains were uniformly susceptible to penicillin and ampicillin.
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A randomized, open labeled, double-blinded trial of ARS patients over 15 years of age was performed. Patients diagnosed with ARS received paranasal sinus X-rays and nasal endoscopies and 2 weeks of either CP (150 mg, 3 times/ day) or AMC (625 mg, amoxicillin 500 mg, 3 times/day). All patients revisited the clinic on days 7, 14, and 28 for evaluation of changes in symptoms, endoscopy, and monitoring of any adverse reactions. Demographics, clinical characteristics and drug efficacy were also compared between the two groups.
This study aims to ascertain the variability in the use of antibiotics for the treatment of acute respiratoryinfections in several hospital emergency services in Spain, as well as the appropriateness of antibiotics prescription through evaluation by a panel of experts using available scientific evidence.
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The objective of the present study was to study the relationship between hospital antibiotic use, community antibiotic use and the incidence of extended-spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL)-producing bacteria in hospitals, while assessing the impact of a fluoroquinolone restriction policy on ESBL-producing bacteria incidence rates.
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No clinical trial was found that compared levofloxacine and amoxycillin-clavulanic acid. Two clinical trials were found that compared levofloxacine and acetyl cefuroxime. These found no significant differences between the group treated with levofloxacine and the group treated with cefuroxime.