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A total of 32 normal, healthy volunteers were tested using irritancy patches with 0.75% metronidazole gel and cream, 1% metronidazole cream, and petrolatum (used as the "negative control"). Blinded observers evaluated the application sites for signs of irritancy. A numerical score was assigned to these irritancy patch sites each day for 21 days, or until significant irritation developed, and cumulative irritancy scores were calculated for the study period. A mixed model of variance analysis was performed.
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Animal bite is a bite wound from a pet, farm or wild animal. Dog bites make up 80-85% of all reported incidents. Cats amount for about 10% of reported bites and other animals such as rodents, rabbits, horses, raccoons, bats and monkeys amount to 5-10%. Bites by mongoose are uncommon. Here, we present a case of fatal mongoose bite to an elderly woman who died as a complication of streptococcal infection at the bite site.
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In Bangladesh, late recrudescence of H. pylori after eradication therapy occurs within the first 3 months. The reinfection rate is high and might influence cost-benefit analyses for determining diagnostic and therapeutic procedures.
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The response rate obtained was 67% (n = 96). Although evidence from the current medical literature and recommended national guidelines support the use of single-dose prophylactic antibiotics, 72% of the respondents used more than a single dose. Forty surgeons (42%) claimed that their prescribing practice was supported by the medical literature, 31 respondents (32%) based their practice on hospital guidelines and personal preference was cited as a reason by 21 surgeons (22%). The remaining four respondents (4%) used a similar scheduling policy to that practiced by their colleagues in relation to antibiotic administration. There was no significant difference in antibiotic dose scheduling between national, private and university academic institutions (P = 0.85).
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Usually, surgical management cannot be completed without the use of antimicrobial and analgesic drugs. Irrational prescription may lead to severe postoperative complications.
Bacterial culture was successful in 145 (94%) out of 154 infected patients. Resistance towards at least one antibiotic was detected in 111 (76.6%) isolated, and multiple antibiotic resistance in 35.2% of cases. Primary resistance towards clarithromycin, metronidazole, and levofloxacin was detected in 51 (35.2%), 86 (59.3%), and in 32 isolated (22.1%), respectively. Levofloxacin resistance was significantly associated with the male sex (OR: 11.3, 95% CI = 1.2-103; P = 0.03), whilst females were at a higher risk of being infected with bacterial strains harbouring a double clarithromycin and metronidazole resistance (OR: 4.9, 95% CI = 1.2-19.8, P = 0.02).
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A subset of H. pylori-positive gastric MALT lymphomas, including infiltrative tumors, may respond to antibiotics. The likelihood of early complete remission seems to be greatest for superficial and distal tumors.
We examined the notes of patients admitted with quinsy to two hospitals in south-west England, from January 1998 to January 2004 in one hospital and from January 1995 to January 2005 in the other. A total of 577 cases was found. Aspirated pus had been sent for culture in 119 (21 per cent). These cases were examined in more detail.
Trichomoniasis is frequent, parasitic and sexually transmitted infection of genitourinary tract. It is treated by metronidazole (5-nitroimidazole), according to protocol recommended by Center for Disease Control (CDC, formerly called: Communicable Disease Center) . The resistance of Trichomonas vaginalis (TV) strains to metronidazole (MND) was described in USA in 1960, and later on in many European countries [8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13]. In these cases, due to persistent trichomonas infection, it is necessary to repeat MND treatment with moderate modification of dose and/or length of its application. Nevertheless, oncogenic and toxic effects of MND have to be taken into consideration.
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Idiopathic gastric rupture is rare in children. Most of them occur in newborn. The authors report the case of a 2-year-old female toddler with no significant medical records. Clinical picture began 48 h before with abdominal pain, nausea and vomiting. She was admitted to the Emergency Room in poor general condition, with abdominal distension and rebound tenderness. Laparotomy was performed immediately show-ing multiple perforations in the posterior wall of the stomach. Partial gastrectomy was performed. Afterwards, she was admitted to ICU in shock. She received mechanical ventilation, intravenous fluid administration (260 ml/kg in 12 h), vasoactive support and antibacterial therapy (cefotaxime and metronidazole). Laboratory showed leukopenia and thrombocytopenia. Etiological study was entirely negative for toxic and drug consumption. Collagen disease was ruled out and serum level of gastrin was normal. Her post operative course was characterized by persistent fever caused by left subphrenic collection (positive culture for Candida galabrata). Peritoneal lavage via laparotomy and percutaneous drainage of the residual collections were performed. She completed 3 weeks of antibacterial and antifungal therapies with adequate outcome. Her follow-up in 12 months was uneventful.