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Orelox (Vantin)
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Orelox

Orelox is in a group of drugs called cephalosporin (SEF a low spor in) antibiotics. It works by fighting bacteria in your body. Orelox is used to treat many different types of infections caused by bacteria. Orelox may also be used for other purposes not listed in this medication guide.

Other names for this medication:
Cefirax, Cefobid, Cefodox, Cefoprox, Cefpodoxime, Cepodem, Tambac, Vantin

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Also known as:  Vantin.

Description

Orelox is in a group of drugs called cephalosporin (SEF a low spor in) antibiotics. It works by fighting bacteria in your body.

Orelox is used to treat many different types of infections caused by bacteria.

Orelox may also be used for other purposes not listed in this medication guide.

Do not take this medication if you are allergic to Orelox, or to similar antibiotics, such as Ceftin, Cefzil, Keflex, Omnicef, and others.

Before taking this medication, tell your doctor if you are allergic to any drugs (especially penicillin). Also tell your doctor if you have kidney disease or a history of intestinal problems.

Take this medication for the entire length of time prescribed by your doctor. Your symptoms may get better before the infection is completely treated. Orelox will not treat a viral infection such as the common cold or flu.

Antibiotic medicines can cause diarrhea, which may be a sign of a new infection. If you have diarrhea that is watery or has blood in it, call your doctor. Do not use any medicine to stop the diarrhea unless your doctor has told you to.

Dosage

Take this medication exactly as it was prescribed for you. Do not take the medication in larger amounts, or take it for longer than recommended by your doctor. Follow the directions on your prescription label.

Take this medicine with a full glass of water.

The Orelox tablet should be taken with food.

Orelox oral suspension (liquid) can be taken with or without food.

Shake the liquid well just before you measure a dose. To be sure you get the correct dose, measure the liquid with a marked measuring spoon or medicine cup, not with a regular table spoon. If you do not have a dose-measuring device, ask your pharmacist for one.

This medication can cause you to have false results with certain medical tests, including urine glucose (sugar) tests. Tell any doctor who treats you that you are using Orelox.

Take Orelox for the entire length of time prescribed by your doctor. Your symptoms may get better before the infection is completely treated. Orelox will not treat a viral infection such as the common cold or flu.

Store the tablets at room temperature away from moisture, heat, and light.

Store Orelox oral liquid in the refrigerator. Do not allow it to freeze. Throw away any unused medication that is older than 14 days.

Seek emergency medical attention if you think you have used too much of this medicine.

Overdose symptoms may include nausea, vomiting, stomach pain, and diarrhea.

Take the medication as soon as you remember the missed dose. If it is almost time for your next dose, skip the missed dose and use the medicine at your next regularly scheduled time. Do not use extra medicine to make up the missed dose.

Overdose

Seek emergency medical attention if you think you have used too much of this medicine. Overdose symptoms may include nausea, vomiting, stomach pain, and diarrhea.

Storage

Store at room temperature between 15 and 30 degrees C (59 and 86 degrees F) away from moisture and heat. After mixing the suspension store in a refrigerator between 2 and 8 degrees C (36 and 46 degrees F). Do not freeze. Throw away unused portion after fourteen days. Keep out of the reach of children in a container that small children cannot open.

Side effects

The most common side effects associated with Orelox are:

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Side effect occurrence does not only depend on medication you are taking, but also on your overall health and other factors.

Contraindications

Do not take this medication if you are allergic to cefpodoxime, or to similar antibiotics, such as Ceftin, Cefzil, Keflex, Omnicef, and others.

Before taking this medication, tell your doctor if you are allergic to any drugs (especially penicillin). Also tell your doctor if you have kidney disease or a history of intestinal problems.

Take this medication for the entire length of time prescribed by your doctor. Your symptoms may get better before the infection is completely treated. Cefpodoxime will not treat a viral infection such as the common cold or flu.

Antibiotic medicines can cause diarrhea, which may be a sign of a new infection. If you have diarrhea that is watery or has blood in it, call your doctor. Do not use any medicine to stop the diarrhea unless your doctor has told you to.

orelox dose

Cefpodoxime proxetil is a new oral esterified cephem antibiotic with a broad antibacterial spectrum. The dissolution of cefpodoxime proxetil is pH dependent. The objectives of this study were to characterize the pharmacokinetics of cefpodoxime proxetil in two different oral doses and to examine possible interactions with an antacid, aluminum magnesium hydroxide (Maalox 70), and an H2 receptor antagonist, famotidine. Two studies involving the same 10 healthy volunteers were performed. In the first study, cefpodoxime proxetil was administered in two doses, 0.1 and 0.2 g. In the second study, two interventions were performed in a randomized crossover design. For one intervention, the volunteers were pretreated with 40 mg of famotidine 1 h before 0.2 g of cefpodoxime proxetil was administered. In the second trial, participants were given 10 ml of Maalox 70 2 h and 10 ml of Maalox 70 15 min before they received 0.2 g of cefpodoxime proxetil. Serum and urine concentrations were determined by high-performance liquid chromatography. For the statistical evaluation, these data were tested by using the pharmacokinetics of 0.2 g of cefpodoxime proxetil from the first study. The maximum concentrations were 1.19 +/- 0.32 mg/liter after 0.1 g of cefpodoxime proxetil and 2.54 +/- 0.64 mg/liter after 0.2 g of cefpodoxime proxetil. The elimination half-lives were 149 min for 0.1 g and 172 min for 0.2 g of cefpodoxime proxetil. The total increase in the area under the concentration-time curve (AUC) was dose dependent. Combination with Maalox 70 caused a reduction in the AUC from 14.0 +/- 3.9 to 8.44 +/- 1.85 mg.h/liter. After famotidine, the AUC decreased to 8.36 +/- 2.0 mg . h/liter. Corresponding changes were registered for the maximum concentration of drug in serum, 24-h urine recovery, and the time to maximum concentration of drug serum. Cefpodoxime proxetil was well tolerated without any seriously adverse drug reactions.

orelox junior syrup dosage

Cefpodoxime proxetil is an oral cephem antibiotic of a new ester type, developed by Sankyo Co., Ltd in Japan. It has a broad antibacterial spectrum, which includes Staphylococcus, and a long half-life, allowing twice-daily administration. In Japan, clinical studies on this drug were performed in various fields, including internal medicine, surgery, urology, otorhinolaryngology, and obstetrics and gynaecology. Good or excellent clinical responses were observed in 2275 of 2902 patients analysed, giving a 78.4% efficacy rate overall. Side effects occurred in 98 patients (2.7%); these were mainly gastrointestinal and included diarrhoea, nausea, and vomiting. Abnormal laboratory test results observed included increased AST in 2.8% (55 of 1973), increased ALT in 3.2% (63 of 1965), and eosinophilia in 2.4% (36 of 1521).

orelox tabletas 200 mg

The care strategy of pharyngitis has been changed dramatically these last years. Because of evolution of antibiotic resistance, the attitude which prevailed of the systematic treatment of pharyngitis in order to prevent a hypothetical acute rheumatic fever, could not persist. Discrimination between pharyngitis due to group A streptococcus (GAS) and nonstreptococcal pharyngitis (usually of viral causes) cannot be made in a reliable way by the clinical signs and symptoms, even if clinical scores are used. The free availability to practitioners of GAS rapid diagnostic tests, sensitive (>90%) and specific (>95%), changes the rule by simplifying it: pharyngitis with positive test must be treated with antibiotics, those with negative test should not be received such treatment. A reduction of two thirds of antibiotics consumption for pharyngitis can be expected, while maintaining the benefit (improvement of the clinical signs, reduction of contagiousness and the complications) for the patients for whom it is necessary. Because of GAS resistance to macrolides and the absence of resistance to beta-lactam antibiotics, a compound belonging of this last family should be prescribed and for a short treatment duration: amoxicillin (50 mg/kg/j, b.i.d for 6 days), cefpodoxime proxetil (8 mg/kg/j b.i.d for 5 days), cefuroxime axetil (30 mg/kg/j b.i.d for 4 days).

orelox antibiotic for babies

The objective of this paper was to determine the effectiveness of combined steroid-antimicrobial therapy for otitis media with effusion (OME) of sufficient duration to justify tympanostomy tube insertion. A consecutive sample of 122 children with bilateral OME of at least three months duration, or unilateral OME of at least six months duration, despite treatment with one or more beta-lactamase stable antibiotics was studied. The treatment group received prednisolone plus a beta-lactamase stable antibiotic for 10 days, with responders receiving an additional six weeks of chemoprophylaxis. The control group received no medication. The child's caregiver decided which group the child should be in. Resolution of effusion in all affected ears occurred in 32 per cent of steroid-treated children and in 2 per cent of controls (p < 0.001) at three to four weeks post-therapy. Relapse of effusion occurred in over 40 per cent of initial responders within six months, reducing the final resolution rate to 25 per cent (95 per cent CI: 15-36 per cent). It was concluded that treatment with oral steroids should be considered in selected children with chronic OME prior to surgical intervention. One in every four children whose caregiver consents to this therapy may avoid or postpone surgery for at least six months.

orelox suspension dosage

Thirty healthy volunteers in three groups participated in a study of the effect on the intestinal microflora of oral supplementation with Bifidobacterium longum, Lactobacillus acidophilus and oligofructose, an indigestible oligosaccharide, during oral administration of cefpodoxime proxetil bd for 7 days. Those in group A also received an oral supplement with c.1011 cfu of B. longum BB 536 and L. acidophilus NCFB 1748 and 15 g oligofructose daily, those in group B received a supplement with oligofructose only and those in group C received placebo, for 21 days. In all three groups there was a marked decrease in aerobic microorganisms, involving mainly a rapid and almost complete disappearance of Escherichia coli (P: < 0.05) during antimicrobial administration and, thereafter, an overgrowth of enterococci (P: < 0.05). The number of intestinal yeasts also increased significantly (P: < 0.05) in groups A and B over the same period. There was a dramatic decrease in anaerobic microorganisms on day 4 of administration, mainly caused by loss of bifidobacteria (P: < 0.05) in all groups. The number of lactobacilli also decreased but was significantly higher in group A than in group C at the end of cefpodoxime proxetil administration. Clostridium difficile was found in only one person from group A, but six persons each in groups B and C. Of the bifidobacterial strains isolated from the faecal samples in group A, one was similar to the strain of B. longum administered, but most volunteers were colonized by several different strains of B. longum during the investigation period. The administered strain of L. acidophilus was recovered from six patients in group A.

orelox 500 mg

The value of MIC90 s cefdinir against these bacterial strains except penicillin non-sensitive pneumococci were 0.031-1 mg/L. Cefpodoxime held similar antibacterial activity with cefdinir, but was less potent against staphylococci. Cefaclor had much higher MIC values than other two drugs. After oral administration of 250 mg cefaclor, the drug concentration quickly reached peak concentration of 4.95 mg/L +/- 2.41 mg/L and the eliminative half time was 0.69 h +/- 0.6 h; the Tmax, Cmax and T1/2beta of cefdinir and cefpodoxime after oral administration of 100 mg were 2.5 h +/- 0.48 h, 0.81 mg/L +/- 0.19 mg/L, 1.73 h +/- 0.3 h and 2.38 h +/- 0.43 h, 1.12 mg/L +/- 0.28 mg/L, 1.92 h +/- 0.55 h, respectively. T > MIC of cefdinir in thrice daily administration were longer than 40% of medication interval against most of the tested isolates; no T > MIC period was found in cefpodoxime against staphylococci and the T > MICs of cefaclor after 250 mg oral administration were shorter than expected values against most bacteria.

orelox 40mg dosage

In this study, a selective and sensitive LC/MS/MS method for the determination of trace amounts of cefmetazole (CMZ) and cefpodoxime proxetil (CPDXPR) contaminants in manufacturing environments was developed. The necessary sensitivity of this method was estimated based on the detection limit for Penicillin G required by the FDA and the total surface area and volume of the manufacturing facility. The detection limits of this method were estimated to be 10 pg/ml for CMZ and 5 pg/ml for CPDXPR from the signal to noise ratio and as a result satisfactory sensitivity was achieved. The method was linear in a concentration range from 0.20 to 3.20 ng/ml. The accuracy and precision were verified by the determination of the amount of CMZ and CPDXPR added to the sampling materials, a glass plate and a silica fiber filter. The mean recoveries of nine replicated determinations from the glass plate were 99.1% with 5.58%R.S.D. for CMZ and 97.1% with 3.80%R.S.D. for CPDXPR, and those from the silica fiber filter were 100.7% with 4.50%R.S.D. for CMZ and 95.4% with 2.85%R.S.D. for CPDXPR. This method has been successfully applied to the determination of CMZ and CPDXPR contaminants in samples collected from an actual manufacturing environment.

orelox tablets

In a cross-over study on twelve healthy volunteers cefpodoxime proxetil (CAS 87239-81-4) and acetylcysteine (CAS 616-91-1) were evaluated for possible pharmacokinetic interactions. After a standardized breakfast, the subjects received p.o. either 200 mg cefpodoxime administered as cefpodoxime proxetil (reference) or 200 mg cefpodoxime and 200 mg acetylcysteine (test). To determine the pharmacokinetic profile of cefpodoxime the plasma concentrations were determined by HPLC. The plasma concentration-time curve of cefpodoxime was very similar after both regimens, and with respect to cefpodoxime bioequivalence has been proven. The narrow range of 90% confidence intervals for the quotient test/reference for Cmax and AUC indicate reliable bioavailability of cefpodoxime proxetil independent of co-administered acetylcysteine.

orelox 200mg tab

The effect of a high-fat meal on absorption of a 200-mg dose of cefpodoxime proxetil oral suspension was evaluated in 20 healthy, male volunteers in a randomized, two-way crossover study. The concentrations of cefpodoxime in plasma and in urine were determined by sensitive and specific high-performance liquid chromatography methods. The area under the plasma drug concentration-time curve, time to peak concentration, and urinary excretion of cefpodoxime were significantly greater (P < or = 0.05) after administration of cefpodoxime proxetil oral suspension with food than under fasting conditions. However, the difference in the areas under the curve between fed and fasted treatments was only 11%, and application of the two one-sided tests procedure showed bioequivalence between treatments for this parameter. The slight increase in the extent of drug absorption and the slower rate of absorption which results when cefpodoxime proxetil is given with food are unlikely to be of clinical importance.

orelox 40 mg suspension

A 16-year-old white hemophiliac boy with HIV infection secondary to tainted coagulation factor VIII was treated with indinavir sulfate. The patient developed gross hematuria, proteinuria, pyuria, abdominal pain, increased bilirubin, an elevated serum creatinine (SCr) of 1.2 mg/dL (baseline 0.9-1.0), and symptoms of renal colic within 1 month of starting indinavir sulfate therapy. Approximately 2 months later the patient developed a low-grade fever with a further increase in SCr. He was prescribed a 10-day course of cefpodoxime proxetil for a possible urinary tract infection. One week later, the patient developed fever, chills, nausea, vomiting, decreased appetite, sterile pyuria, nasal congestion, and an elevated SCr of 1.3-1.7 mg/dL. Indinavir sulfate and cefpodoxime proxetil were discontinued and the patient was suspected of having tubulointerstitial nephritis secondary to indinavir sulfate. The patient's nephritis resolved and the SCr decreased to 1.1 mg/dL within 1 month of discontinuing indinavir sulfate.

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orelox 200 mg precio 2016-01-24

Mean plasma protein binding for cefpodoxime and cephalexin was 82.6% and 20.8%, respectively. Mean ± SD values for cephalexin in plasma were determined for peak plasma concentration (Cmax, 31.5±11.5 μg/mL), area under the time-concentration curve (AUC, 155.6±29.5 μg•h/mL), and terminal half-life (T½, 4.7±1.2 hours); corresponding Zithrox 200 Tablets values in ISF were 16.3±5.8 μg/mL, 878±21.0 μg•h/mL, and 3.2±0.6 hours, respectively. Mean±SD values for cefpodoxime in plasma were 33.0±6.9 μg/mL (Cmax), 282.8±44.0 μg•h/mL (AUC), and 5.7±0.9 hours (T1/2); corresponding values in ISF were 4.3±2.0 μg/mL, 575±174 μg•h/mL, and 10.4±3.3 hours, respectively.

orelox syrup side effects 2016-12-01

Clinical and laboratory records were retrospectively reviewed between January 2003 and December Amoxiclav Tablets For Dogs 2003.

orelox dose kilo 2016-09-13

The present study deals with the development of mucoadhesive controlled release tablets of Cefpodoxime Proxetil to increase the gastric residence time and thus prolong drug release, reduce dosing frequency and Cephalexin Human Dosage improve oral bioavailability. Tablets were prepared using sodium alginate and karaya gum, a natural polymer, with a synthetic polymer hydroxypropylmethylcellulose (K100LV) and Karaya gum with HPMC K100LV in various ratios to optimize the drug release profile using D-Optimal technique. Pre- and post-compression parameters of tablets prepared with various formulations (S1-S9, C1-C9) were evaluated. The FTIR and DSC studies revealed that no physiochemical interaction between excipients and drug. The formulation S7 showed prolonged drug release, and the mechanism of drug release from the optimized formulation was confirmed using the Korsmeyer-Peppas model to be non-Fickian release transport and n value was found 0.605 indicating both diffusion and erosion mechanism from these natural gums. The optimized formulation showed mucoadhesive strength >35 g. An in vivo study was performed on rabbits using an X-ray imaging technique. The radiological evidence suggests that the tablets adheres (more than 10 hours) to a rabbit's stomach. No significant changes were found in the physical appearance, drug content, mucoadhesive study and in vitro dissolution pattern after storage at 40 °C/75% relative humidity for 3 months.

orelox medication 2016-12-31

The efficacy of CS-834, a novel oral carbapenem, was assessed by using a murine model of pneumonia caused by penicillin-susceptible Levomax 500 Mg Upotreba and penicillin-resistant Streptococcus pneumoniae and was compared with those of oral cephems, i.e., cefteram pivoxil, cefpodoxime proxetil, cefdinir, and cefditoren pivoxil. Intranasal inoculation of 10(6) CFU of penicillin-susceptible or penicillin-resistant S. pneumoniae in the exponential growth phase induced pneumonia and bacteremia in ddY mice within 48 h. For the treatment of infections caused by the penicillin-susceptible strain the antibiotics were administered orally at 0.4, 2, and 10 mg/kg of body weight twice daily for 2 days beginning at 24 h after bacterial inoculation, and for the treatment of infections caused by a penicillin-resistant strain the antibiotics were administered at 2, 10, and 50 mg/kg twice daily for 2 days beginning at 24 h after bacterial inoculation. Among the antibiotics tested, CS-834 exhibited the most potent efficacy against both types of strains. Against infections caused by penicillin-susceptible S. pneumoniae, CS-834 at all doses significantly reduced the numbers of viable cells in both the lungs and blood. Cefpodoxime proxetil at all doses and cefteram pivoxil and cefditoren pivoxil at doses of 2 and 10 mg/kg showed comparable efficacies. Against infections caused by penicillin-resistant S. pneumoniae, CS-834 at doses of 10 and 50 mg/kg showed the most potent efficacy among the antibiotics tested, resulting in the maximum decrease in the numbers of viable cells in the lungs. Comparable efficacies were observed with cefteram pivoxil and cefpodoxime proxetil at doses of 50 mg/kg each. The concentration of CS-834 in the lungs and blood was higher than that of cefdinir and was lower than those of the other antibiotics tested, suggesting that the potent therapeutic efficacy of CS-834 reflects its strong activity against S. pneumoniae.

orelox 200 tablets 2015-05-14

The pharmacokinetics of the broad spectrum cephem RU 29 246 and its prodrug-ester HR 916 B were investigated in mice, rats and dogs and compared to those of cefpodoxime proxetil, cefuroxime axetil and cefixime. HR 916 B is well absorbed following oral administration and efficiently converted to the antibacterially active form. In mice, mean peak blood levels of 31.1 micrograms/ml of the parent compound were recorded within 20 minutes after oral administration of a single dose equivalent to 40 mg/kg RU 29 246. The bioavailability calculated on the basis of the areas under the concentration-time curves (AUC) and the urinary recoveries was about 90%. In rats, peak blood levels of 14.5 micrograms/ml were obtained 1 hour after an oral 20 mg/kg dose. The bioavailability was calculated as 70%. In dogs, 40% of an oral 10 mg/kg Zitrocin S 500 Mg dose was recovered in the urine within 24 hours. Cmax was 15.9 micrograms/ml at 4.6 hours. Mean elimination half-lives of RU 29 246 were 0.35, 0.5 and 2.1 hours in mice, rats and dogs, respectively. After an oral HR 916 B dose equivalent to 50 mg/kg of RU 29 246, tissue concentrations at 0.5 hour ranged between 0.8 micrograms/g in brain and 95.7 micrograms/g in murine kidneys. These values of HR 916 B are similar to, or distinctly higher than, those of the reference compounds. Of the oral cephalosporins tested, HR 916 B had the most balanced antibacterial spectrum. With ED50s of between 0.9 and 11.5 mg/kg against staphylococci, its activity was similar to that of the additional reference compound cefaclor and higher than that of cefuroxime. Cefixime and cefpodoxime proxetil displayed low antistaphylococcal activity or were inactive. In septicemias with Enterobacteriaceae, cefixime and cefpodoxime proxetil were more potent than HR 916 B and cefaclor. Cefuroxime axetil was inactive against most of these infections. HR 916 B was also highly effective against murine lung infections caused by Klebsiella pneumoniae DT-S or Streptococcus pneumoniae 1147.

orelox syrup dosage 2016-03-19

The luminal and mucosal deesterification of the prodrug ester cefpodoxime-proxetil was studied in human duodenal washings in vitro. Enzymatic hydrolysis of the ester, releasing the active third generation cephalosporin, was observed in luminal washing in the same way as it had previously been observed in the rabbit. Eserine and PMSF and HgCl(2) were potent inhibitors of cefpodoxime-proxetil hydrolysis in luminal washing, suggesting the participation of a cholinesterase in the hydrolysis of cefpodoxime-proxetil. These results are in agreement with our previous findings performed in the rabbit. Moreover, cefpodoxime-proxetil directly decreases the acetylcholinesterase activity when tested by a specific enzymatic method. These observations support the hypothesis that the partial oral bioavailability of cefpodoxime-proxetil results from hydrolysis by luminal cholinesterases. In vitro experiments run with rabbit duodenal washing with food components were compared Unixime 400 Mg Antibiotico with the pharmacokinetics of cefpodoxime-proxetil in humans. Amino acids, trace elements and vitamins were potent inhibitors for cefpodoxime-proxetil hydrolysis in duodenal washings. Otherwise, lipids (LTC and mixed LCT/MCT) did not interact. In the human, cefpodoxime-proxetil bioavailability is significantly enhanced when tablets are administered with food. The correlation found between animal results and human results in vitro for prospective investigation of a new prodrug ester could be very useful. An in vitro hydrolysis in intestinal animal washings could allow the potentially degraded condition and the food effect of the luminal tract to be assessed before absorption.

orelox 200mg tablets 2015-12-25

A new, simple, precise, rapid and accurate RP-HPLC method has been developed for the simultaneous estimation of cefpodoxime proxetil and clavulanic acid from pharmaceutical dosage forms. The method was carried out on a Zorbax Eclipse XDB 5 mu C 18 (150x4.6 mm) column with a mobile phase consisting of acetonitrile:50 mM potassium dihydrogen phosphate buffer (pH 3.0, 70:30 v/v) at a flow rate of 1.0 ml/min. Detection was carried out at 228 nm. Aspirin was used as an internal standard. The retention time of clavulanic acid, cefpodoxime proxetil and aspirin was 4.43, 6.44 and 5.6 min, respectively. The developed method was validated in terms of accuracy, Rodogyl Dosage precision, linearity, limit of detection, limit of quantification and solution stability. The proposed method can be used for the estimation of these drugs in combined dosage forms.

orelox tablets in pakistan 2016-07-29

Cefpodoxime proxetil is an orally administered prodrug which is absorbed and de-esterified by the intestinal mucosa to release the third generation cephalosporin, cefpodoxime. Cefpodoxime is stable towards the most commonly found plasmid-mediated beta-lactamases and the drug has a broad spectrum of antibacterial activity encompassing both Gram-negative and Gram-positive bacteria, rendering it a possible option for empirical use in a wide range of community acquired infections in both adult and paediatric patients. The extended plasma half-life of cefpodoxime (1.9 to 3.7 h) permits twice daily administration. In comparative trials, twice daily cefpodoxime proxetil (dose equivalent cefpodoxime 100 to 400 mg) was as effective as a 3- to 4-times daily regimen of phenoxymethylpenicillin in pharyngotonsillitis, as well as thrice daily amoxicillin (with or without clavulanic acid) or cefaclor against infections of the ear, the upper and lower respiratory tract, the urinary tract and those of the skin and soft tissues. The latter reflects the enhanced antistaphylococcal activity of cefpodoxime, which distinguishes it from other orally active third generation cephalosporins such as cefixime. Most notably, an oral regimen of cefpodoxime proxetil was as efficacious as parenterally administered ceftriaxone for the treatment of bronchopneumonia in hospitalised patients at risk due to the presence of underlying diseases, addictions or advancing age. A single oral dose of cefpodoxime was also as efficacious as ceftriaxone in uncomplicated anogenital gonococcal infections. Cefpodoxime proxetil is generally well tolerated, with mild to moderate gastrointestinal disturbances occurring in 4 to 15% of patients treated with therapeutic Cipro 750 Mg doses. Thus, a convenient twice daily oral regimen of cefpodoxime proxetil can be prescribed as an effective alternative to established beta-lactam therapies in the empirical outpatient treatment of infections of the respiratory and urinary tracts as well as those of the skin and soft tissues.

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Bacteriological, pharmacokinetic and clinical studies on cefpodoxime proxetil (CPDX-PR, CS-807), a new oral cephem antibiotic, were carried out in the field of pediatrics. The results obtained are summarized as follows. 1. Antibacterial activities of R-3746 (Na-salt of cefpodoxime (CPDX] against clinically isolated strains of Streptococcus pneumoniae, Streptococcus pyogenes, Staphylococcus aureus, Enterococcus faecalis, Branhamella catarrhalis, Escherichia coli, Proteus mirabilis and Haemophilus influenzae were compared with those of cefaclor, cephalexin and cefadroxil. R-3746 is superior to other antibiotics against S. pneumoniae, S. pyogenes, B. catarrhalis and Gram-negative Azitromicina 500 Mg Precio rods. 2. Serum concentrations of CPDX after administration of CPDX-PR at doses of 3 mg/kg (fasting), 6 mg/kg (non-fasting) and 6 mg/kg (fasting) were determined. Mean AUC (area under curve)'s of CPDX obtained were 9.60, 31.35 and 17.89 micrograms.hr/ml, respectively for the 3 dosages. The mean half-lives of CPDX were 3.35, 1.88 and 1.76 hours, respectively. The mean urinary recovery rate within 8 hours after administration of CPDX-PR at a dose of 3 mg/kg (fasting) was 39.2%. 3. CPDX-PR was administered to 37 pediatric patients with various bacterial infections (pyelonephritis 9, cystitis 4, pneumonia 7, acute bronchitis 3, otitis media 2, tonsillitis 10, subcutaneous abscess 1 and purulent lymphadenitis 1). The overall clinical efficacy rate was 91.9% and the overall bacteriological eradication rate was also 91.9%. 4. No adverse reactions were observed. Abnormal laboratory findings were moderate, eosinophilia in 2 and slight elevation of GOT and GPT in 1. The taste and the odor of the CPDX-PR preparation was sufficiently tolerable. From the above results we have concluded that CPDX-PR is a useful oral antibiotic in the treatment of bacterial infections in children.

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Although postoperative infections continue to be a major problem in gynecologic surgery, there is still no consensus Amoklavin 1 Mg on the efficacy of antibiotic prophylaxis.

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The objective of this paper was to determine the effectiveness of combined steroid-antimicrobial therapy for otitis media with effusion (OME) of sufficient duration to justify tympanostomy tube insertion. A consecutive sample of 122 children with bilateral OME of at least three months duration, or unilateral OME of at least six months duration, despite treatment with one or more beta-lactamase stable antibiotics was studied. The treatment group received prednisolone plus a beta-lactamase stable antibiotic for 10 days, with responders receiving an additional six weeks of chemoprophylaxis. The control group received no medication. The child's caregiver decided which group the child should be in. Resolution of effusion in all affected ears occurred in 32 per cent of steroid-treated children and in 2 per cent of controls (p < 0.001) at three to four weeks post-therapy. Relapse of effusion occurred in over 40 per cent of initial responders within six months, reducing the final resolution rate to 25 per cent (95 per cent CI: 15-36 per cent). It was concluded that treatment with oral steroids should be considered in selected children with chronic OME Co Amoxiclav Augmentin Syrup prior to surgical intervention. One in every four children whose caregiver consents to this therapy may avoid or postpone surgery for at least six months.