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Randomized controlled trials examining adults who underwent surgical hemorrhoidectomy were included. Participants in an active intervention group received oral metronidazole postoperatively, and those in a control group received placebo or usual care. Postoperative pain was assessed for at least 3 days postoperatively.
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The 10-day BQT was more effective than the 7-day CTT as a first-line therapy for H. pylori infection, whereas BQT and CTT for 7 or 10 days yielded similar eradication rates. Compliance and side effect rates were similar for both therapies. BQT overcomes clarithromycin resistance and its efficacy is not affected by metronidazole resistance.
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A prospective assessment of the current status of prophylactic use of antimicrobial agents (AMAs) for caesarean section deliveries at BPKIHS, Dharan, Nepal was done. Data was collected by systemic random sampling of 349 in patient case sheets. The prevalence of use of ampicillin either alone or in combination with metronidazole was noted in both the elective and non-elective groups, either in the hospital or at discharge, while only 7.0-9.0% of patients receivedAMAs other than ampicillin. Ampicillin has been reported to be an effective AMA in reducing post-partum endometritis and our observation also corroborates with this finding.
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We hypothesized that technetium-99m-ethylene dicysteine-metronidazole (99mTc-EC-MN) localizes to brain tissue that is hypoxic but viable. This study prospectively evaluated the relationship between neurological outcome and uptake of 99mTc-EC-MN in peri-infarcted regions of the brain.
A 34-year-old gravid woman with a history of ileal Crohn's disease presented at 30 weeks' gestation with a 2-week history of fever and right upper quadrant pain. An intra-abdominal abscess was suspected. Ultrasound and MRI failed to demonstrate the suspected abscess. Owing to ongoing pain and fever, the risk to the fetus of a CT scan were discussed with the patient, obstetricians and radiologists, with considerable debate about the possibility of other explanations for her symptoms. Ultimately, a CT scan revealed marked thickening of the distal ileum and confirmed diagnosis of an abscess in continuity with the inflamed bowel.
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H. pylori positive patients with different occupations from 25 hospitals in five provinces of South China were enrolled. They received a PPI, metronidazole and amoxicillin triple therapy for a week. H. pylori eradication was evaluated by (13)C-urea breath test 4 weeks after therapy. Association between H. pylori eradication with occupation, gender, age, educational level, and protocol compliance was evaluated by Logistic regression.
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One hundred sixty subjects with H. pylori infection documented by endoscopic biopsy or serology plus 13C-urea breath test were randomly assigned to omeprazole 80 mg q.d. and metronidazole extended-release formulation 750 mg q.d. for 10 days (OM); OM plus amoxicillin 1.5 g q.d. for 10 days (OMAm); OM plus azithromycin 500 mg q.d. for 7 days (OMAz); or OM plus clarithromycin 1 g q.d. for 10 days (OMCI). A repeat breath test was done 6 wk after the completion of therapy. Subjects were considered compliant if they took > or = 80% of each study medication as prescribed.
In total, 995 in-patients with IBD were treated in this hospital [638 patients with Crohn's disease (CD), 357 with ulcerative colitis (UC)] during the study period. Of these, 279 patients with CD and 242 patients with UC were admitted with an acute flare and suffering from diarrhea and abdominal pain. Only 10 of those were diagnosed as having a concomitant infection with C. difficile. Six patients were female and the median age was 49 years (range: 15-80). Six patients with C. difficile infections suffered from UC and 4 patients from CD, all with previous colonic involvement. Eight patients used immunosuppressive therapies; only 2 patients were treated with antibiotics before infection.
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The chemical stabilities of ceftriaxone sodium and metronidazole in a mixture have been studied using a stability-indicating, high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) assay method. The HPLC method is precise and accurate, with a percent relative standard deviation of 1.4 based on five readings. Metronidazole did not lose any potency for four days when stored at 25+/-1 deg C. Ceftriaxone sodium lost less than 6% ofpotency in three days at 25+/-1 deg C. The products of decomposition did not interfere with the assay procedure. They eluted before the ceftriaxone peak. The solution remained clear (light yellow) throughout the study period, and the pH value did not change. Ceftriaxone sodium and metronidazole, when mixed together, were stable for three days at 25+/-1 deg C.
Ulcer healed in all patients, but H. pylori infection persisted or recurred in 11 patients. Within 48 months, rebleeding occurred in nine (81.8%) of these patients, whereas the 21 patients who were persistently negative for H. pylori infection remained asymptomatic without rebleeding (0/ 21 = 0%, p < 0.002) during the whole follow-up.
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This retrospective cohort study employed data from 464 UK ambulatory practices participating in The Health Improvement Network. All children with ≥ 2 years of follow-up from 1994 to 2009 were followed between practice enrollment and IBD development, practice deregistration, 19 years of age, or death; those with previous IBD were excluded. All antibiotic prescriptions were captured. Antianaerobic antibiotic agents were defined as penicillin, amoxicillin, ampicillin, penicillin/β-lactamase inhibitor combinations, tetracyclines, clindamycin, metronidazole, cefoxitin, carbapenems, and oral vancomycin.
This study evaluates the antimicrobial susceptibility and composition of subgingival biofilms in generalized aggressive periodontitis (GAP) patients treated using mechanical/antimicrobial therapies, including chlorhexidine (CHX), amoxicillin (AMX) and metronidazole (MET). GAP patients allocated to the placebo (C, n = 15) or test group (T, n = 16) received full-mouth disinfection with CHX, scaling and root planning, and systemic AMX (500 mg)/MET (250 mg) or placebos. Subgingival plaque samples were obtained at baseline, 3, 6, 9 and 12 months post-therapy from 3-4 periodontal pockets, and the samples were pooled and cultivated under anaerobic conditions. The minimum inhibitory concentrations (MICs) of AMX, MET and CHX were assessed using the microdilution method. Bacterial species present in the cultivated biofilm were identified by checkerboard DNA-DNA hybridization. At baseline, no differences in the MICs between groups were observed for the 3 antimicrobials. In the T group, significant increases in the MICs of CHX (p < 0.05) and AMX (p < 0.01) were detected during the first 3 months; however, the MIC of MET decreased at 12 months (p < 0.05). For several species, the MICs significantly changed over time in both groups, i.e., Streptococci MICs tended to increase, while for several periodontal pathogens, the MICs diminished. A transitory increase in the MIC of the subgingival biofilm to AMX and CHX was observed in GAP patients treated using enhanced mechanical therapy with topical CHX and systemic AMX/MET. Both protocols presented limited effects on the cultivable subgingival microbiota.