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Chromatography run time was 7.0min and β-lactam antibiotics eluted at retention times ranging between 1.08 and 1.91min. The lower limits of quantification were between 0.50 and 1.00mg/L. Coefficients of variation and relative bias absolute values were <13.3% and 14.7%, respectively. Recovery values ranged from 55.7% to 84.8%. Evaluation of the matrix effect showed ion enhancement for all antibiotics. No interferences or carry-over were observed.
The results of this study suggest that monitoring serum IgG levels after treatment may provide an early indicator of the efficacy of therapy in eradicating H. pylori infection. Additionally, the serum IgG level can provide evidence of infection in chronic gastritis patients even when the biopsy specimens are negative by microbiological and/or histological tests.
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Although wearing a white coat is an accepted part of medical and dental practice, it is a potential source of cross-infection. The objective of this study was to determine the level and type of microbial contamination present on the white coats of dental interns, graduate students and faculty in a dental clinic.
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The antimicrobials resistance of Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) was able to sharply decline the eradication rate of H. pylori both in adults and children, but there are limited studies about the primary antibiotic resistance and the related gene mutations, specifically in China.
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Campylobacter spp. were isolated from 47 monkeys from three specific countries: China, Cambodia, and Indonesia, with respective isolation rates of 15%, 36%, and 67%. Two monkeys, which were each infected with Campylobacter jejuni and Campylobacter coli, showed clinical symptoms of diarrhea and bloody feces. In total, 41 isolates of C. coli and 17 isolates of C. jejuni were detected. Antimicrobial susceptibility varied: in the monkeys from China, erythromycin (ERY)-, tetracycline (TET)-, and ciprofloxacin-resistant C. coli, in the monkeys from Cambodia, amoxicillin-intermediate, TET- and ciprofloxacin-resistant C. coli and amoxicillin- and ciprofloxacin-resistant C. jejuni, and in the monkeys from Indonesia, ciprofloxacin-resistant C. coli and TET- and ciprofloxacin-resistant C. jejuni were common (>75%). Multiresistant isolates of C. coli were found in monkeys from all countries and multiresistant isolates of C. jejuni were found in monkeys from Indonesia. The eradication rate with azithromycin was comparable to that with gentamicin (GEN) by oral administration, and was higher than those with amoxicillin-clavulanic acid (AMC) and chloramphenicol (CHL).
Helicobacter pylori is considered as a causative agent of gastritis, duodenal and gastric ulcers, and gastric cancer. During inflammation, association of the pathogen of gastric epithelial cells and mucins is considered important. It was postulated that Lewis b structures of secretory MUC 5AC mucin can be a receptor for the bacterium. Some authors also suggest that epithelial MUC 1 mucin may be implicated in the mechanism of infection. The main aim of our work was to support this last suggestion by evaluation of the possible changes in MUC 1 and Lewis a and b levels in gastric juice before and at the end of eradication treatment. The gastric juices of ten examined patients were chromatographed on a Sepharose 4 B column, electrotransferred on Immobilon P membranes, and assessed for MUC 1 and Lewis a and b structures using monoclonal antibodies. In 90% of examined patients, higher amounts of MUC 1 mucin were observed at the end of eradication treatment. Similar results for Lewis a and b structures were found. In the case of MUC 1 and Lewis b, the differences were statistically significant. Helicobacter pylori influences expression of the soluble form of MUC 1 mucin and Lewis a and b structures present in gastric juice.
Management of extensively drug-resistant tuberculosis (XDR-TB) and pre-XDR-TB is challenging, as effective drugs are lacking. Group 5 anti-tuberculosis drugs have an unclear role in the treatment of drug-resistant TB, and in children the efficacy, safety and effects of long-term use are not well described. We present clinical outcomes and adverse effects of a cohort of children with XDR-TB or pre-XDR-TB treated with Group 5 drugs in Tajikistan.
Surface hydrophilicity induced by O2 plasma results in an increase in drug-impregnation efficiency of AASF/O2 yarn by 16.7%. In vitro drug release profiles show continuous and prolonged release of AMOX from AASF/O2/AMOX yarn up to 336 hours. In vitro hemolysis assay reveals that O2 plasma treatment and subsequent impregnation of AMOX do not affect the heertetmocompatibility of AASF yarn. The AASF/O2/AMOX yarn proves to be effective for in vitro growth inhibition of Staphylococcus aureus and Escherichia coli, whereas AASF offers no antibacterial activity against both types of bacteria. In vivo histopathology studies and colony-forming unit count data revealed accelerated wound healing activity of AASF/O2/AMOX over AASF yarn through rapid synthesis and proliferation of collagen, hair follicle, and connective tissues.