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Cefobid (Vantin)
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Cefobid

Cefobid (generic name: cefpodoxime proxetil; brand names include: Cefocep) is used for treating mild to moderate infections caused by certain bacteria. Cefobid is an oral third generation cephalosporin antibiotic. It is used to treat infections such as pneumonia; bronchitis; gonorrhea; and ear, skin, throat, and urinary tract infections. Cefobid works by interfering with the formation of the bacteria's cell wall so that the wall ruptures, resulting in the death of the bacteria. It treats many kinds of infections, including those of the respiratory tract, skin, and ears.

Other names for this medication:
Cefirax, Cefodox, Cefoprox, Cefpodoxime, Cepodem, Orelox, Tambac, Vantin

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Also known as:  Vantin.

Description

Cefobid is in a group of drugs called cephalosporin (SEF a low spor in) antibiotics. It works by fighting bacteria in your body.

Cefobid is used to treat many different types of infections caused by bacteria.

Cefobid may also be used for other purposes not listed in this medication guide.

Do not take this medication if you are allergic to Cefobid, or to similar antibiotics, such as Ceftin, Cefzil, Keflex, Omnicef, and others.

Before taking this medication, tell your doctor if you are allergic to any drugs (especially penicillin). Also tell your doctor if you have kidney disease or a history of intestinal problems.

Take this medication for the entire length of time prescribed by your doctor. Your symptoms may get better before the infection is completely treated. Cefobid will not treat a viral infection such as the common cold or flu.

Antibiotic medicines can cause diarrhea, which may be a sign of a new infection. If you have diarrhea that is watery or has blood in it, call your doctor. Do not use any medicine to stop the diarrhea unless your doctor has told you to.

Dosage

Take this medication exactly as it was prescribed for you. Do not take the medication in larger amounts, or take it for longer than recommended by your doctor. Follow the directions on your prescription label.

Take this medicine with a full glass of water.

The Cefobid tablet should be taken with food.

Cefobid oral suspension (liquid) can be taken with or without food.

Shake the liquid well just before you measure a dose. To be sure you get the correct dose, measure the liquid with a marked measuring spoon or medicine cup, not with a regular table spoon. If you do not have a dose-measuring device, ask your pharmacist for one.

This medication can cause you to have false results with certain medical tests, including urine glucose (sugar) tests. Tell any doctor who treats you that you are using Cefobid.

Take Cefobid for the entire length of time prescribed by your doctor. Your symptoms may get better before the infection is completely treated. Cefobid will not treat a viral infection such as the common cold or flu.

Store the tablets at room temperature away from moisture, heat, and light.

Store Cefobid oral liquid in the refrigerator. Do not allow it to freeze. Throw away any unused medication that is older than 14 days.

Seek emergency medical attention if you think you have used too much of this medicine.

Overdose symptoms may include nausea, vomiting, stomach pain, and diarrhea.

Take the medication as soon as you remember the missed dose. If it is almost time for your next dose, skip the missed dose and use the medicine at your next regularly scheduled time. Do not use extra medicine to make up the missed dose.

Overdose

Seek emergency medical attention if you think you have used too much of this medicine. Overdose symptoms may include nausea, vomiting, stomach pain, and diarrhea.

Storage

Store at room temperature between 15 and 30 degrees C (59 and 86 degrees F) away from moisture and heat. After mixing the suspension store in a refrigerator between 2 and 8 degrees C (36 and 46 degrees F). Do not freeze. Throw away unused portion after fourteen days. Keep out of the reach of children in a container that small children cannot open.

Side effects

The most common side effects associated with Cefobid are:

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Side effect occurrence does not only depend on medication you are taking, but also on your overall health and other factors.

Contraindications

Do not take this medication if you are allergic to cefpodoxime, or to similar antibiotics, such as Ceftin, Cefzil, Keflex, Omnicef, and others.

Before taking this medication, tell your doctor if you are allergic to any drugs (especially penicillin). Also tell your doctor if you have kidney disease or a history of intestinal problems.

Take this medication for the entire length of time prescribed by your doctor. Your symptoms may get better before the infection is completely treated. Cefpodoxime will not treat a viral infection such as the common cold or flu.

Antibiotic medicines can cause diarrhea, which may be a sign of a new infection. If you have diarrhea that is watery or has blood in it, call your doctor. Do not use any medicine to stop the diarrhea unless your doctor has told you to.

cefobid oral dose

We measured the in-vitro susceptibility of 833 Staphylococcus aureus strains, isolated from skin infections at our hospital between July 1994 and November 2000, to 13 antimicrobial agents (ampicillin, methicillin, cephalexin, cefaclor, cefpodoxime proxetil, gentamicin, erythromycin, clindamycin, minocycline, vancomycin, fusidic acid, ofloxacin, and nadifloxacin). The concentrations required to inhibit 50% of the strains (MIC(50)) of all these antimicrobial agents was extremely stable and ranged at levels below 3.13 microg/ml, except for gentamicin; in contrast, the MIC(90) was not uniform. The MIC(90) of vancomycin, fusidic acid, and nadifloxacin was very low and stable. No strain was resistant to vancomycin. The incidence of MRSA was 10%-20%.

cefobid pediatric dose

A ten day course of oral penicillin is still recommended for pharyngotonsillitis with the aim of eradicating Streptococcus pyogenes and preventing rheumatic fever. However there is some evidence that penicillin V therapy is less satisfactory than in former years. Several explanations have been suggested, including inadequate pharmacokinetic properties, poor patient compliance, penicillin tolerance, re-infection and carrier state, and indirect pathogenicity. In this context we evaluated the efficacy of third generation cephalosporins. We have shown that a short course of five days treatment with cefpodoxime is as effective as the ten days of conventional treatment with penicillin in terms of both clinical and bacteriological efficacy. Moreover the possibility of reducing the duration of therapy and the twice daily administration of these new cephalosporins results in better patient compliance with treatment.

cefobid vial dose

Pharmacokinetic, bacteriological and clinical studies on cefpodoxime proxetil (CPDX-PR, CS-807), a newly developed oral cephem, were carried out in the treatment of infectious diseases in the field of pediatrics. 1. Since CPDX demonstrates very powerful antimicrobial actions against such Gram-negative bacilli as Escherichia coli, Salmonella sp., Klebsiella pneumoniae and Serratia sp., such Gram-positive cocci as Streptococcus pyogenes and Streptococcus pneumoniae, and beta-lactamase producing Branhamella catarrhalis and Haemophilus influenzae, this drug was thought to be useful for the treatment of pediatric infectious diseases when main causative bacteria in the field of pediatrics were taken into account. 2. When changes in blood and urine concentrations of CPDX following the administration of this drug at 3.7 mg/kg before meal were determined, Cmax and T1/2 were found to be 2.98 micrograms/ml at 2-hour and 1.73 hours, respectively; an urinary excretion rate in the first 6 hours and a maximum urine concentration were 32.5% and 52 micrograms/ml, respectively. 3. Clinically, 8 of 8 patients with the upper respiratory tract infections (100%), 28 of 29 patients with bronchitis and/or pneumonia (96.6%), 3 of 4 patients with otitis media (75%), 2 of 2 patients with sinusitis (100%), 3 of 3 patients with the skin soft tissue infections (100%), 1 of 1 patient with bacterial enteritis (100%) and 11 of 14 patients with urinary tract infections (78.6%) responded well to the treatment with CPDX-PR, showing a 91.8% efficacy rate in all the patients treated. 4. Bacteriologically, Staphylococcus aureus, Staphylococcus epidermidis, S. pyogenes, S. pneumoniae, E. faecalis, B. catarrhalis, H. influenzae, E. coli and Salmonella typhimurium were all eradicated from 5, 1, 4, 6, 1, 5, 5, 11 and 1 patient, respectively. An eradication rate in all the patients examined was 97.5% (39/40). 5. Gastrointestinal symptoms appeared as side effects in 2 of 71 patients (vomiting in 1 and diarrhea in 1), hence, an incidence of side effects was 2.8% (2/71). As for abnormal laboratory findings, eosinophilia, thrombocytosis and increases in GOT and GPT were observed in 3 of 39 patients examined (7.7%), 1 of 39 patients (2.6%) and 2 of 34 patients (5.9%), respectively. In addition, we also examined the effect of the drug on the hemostatic system, but found no changes upon the treatment. Based on these results, it appeared that CPDX-PR was a useful and safe drug in treatment of infectious diseases in the field of pediatrics when administered 2-3 times a day at a dose of 3-6 mg/kg.

cefobid dosage

Cefpodoxime proxetil (CP) is a prodrug of cefpodoxime acid (CA), and is supplied as racemic mixture of R- and S-enantiomers. CP has only 50% absolute bioavailability, and the reasons responsible for low bioavailability remain poorly understood. The present work ascertains physicochemical and biological properties of individual isomers of CP and explores their capacity to optimize delivery of CP. Both isomers showed similar pH stability behavior, but R-isomer was more susceptible to enzymatic metabolism compared to S-isomer, when incubated with enzymes collected from various segments of GIT. Based on the in vitro and in vivo results, use of S-isomer for development of a dosage form such as gastro-retentive dosage form can improve oral bioavailability of CP.

cefobid stat dose

One hundred and fifty female patients with acute uncomplicated cystitis were given 200 mg of CPDX-PR twice daily for 3-7 days to evaluate both its overall clinical efficacy and its adverse effects. In 82 cases (Group I) in which it was administered for 3 days, the overall clinical efficacy, evaluated by the criteria proposed by the Japanese UTI committee, was excellent in 64 cases, moderate in 17 and poor in one, with the effective rate being 98.8%. In 35 cases (Group II) in which it was administered for 4-7 days, the overall clinical efficacy was excellent in 18 cases, moderate in 15 and poor in 2, with the effective rate being 94.3%. The overall clinical evaluation was not performed in another 33 cases because they were given CPDX-PR for more than 8 days or 300 mg/day. Subjective adverse effects such as hoarseness and lingual inflammation were observed in only one of the 150 cases, but they disappeared spontaneously after the cessation of administration of CPDX-PR. These findings suggest that CPDX-PR is one of the most effective and safe antibiotic in the treatment of acute uncomplicated cystitis.

cefobid dose

We conducted a blinded taste test evaluating 12 antimicrobial suspensions by smell, texture, taste, aftertaste and overall acceptance. Drugs received cumulative scores in each category as well as a total score ranking. Overall Lorabid scored highest but not significantly higher than Keflex, Suprax and Ceclor, all of which score higher than the other test drugs. Cefzil and Augmentin scored just below this group of drugs and higher than all other test drugs. Vantin was inferior to these drugs primarily because of its low score in aftertaste. It was ranked along with V-Cillin-K, Veetids, Sulfatrim and Pediazole, the lowest scoring group of drugs other than Dynapen which scored lower than all other test drugs. No difference overall was detected between the two penicillin VK suspensions evaluated, V-Cillin-K and Veetids.

cefobid generic name

Analysis of restriction fragment-length polymorphism of ribosomal DNA regions (ribotypes) was used as an epidemiologic tool to compare 25 pre- and posttreatment strains obtained from 12 patients treated with either cefpodoxime proxetil or amoxicillin-clavulanic acid. Ribotyping is a promising method to differentiate relapse from reinfection in the treatment failures of Escherichia coli urinary tract infections.

cefobid drug class

In a cross-over study on twelve healthy volunteers cefpodoxime proxetil (CAS 87239-81-4) and acetylcysteine (CAS 616-91-1) were evaluated for possible pharmacokinetic interactions. After a standardized breakfast, the subjects received p.o. either 200 mg cefpodoxime administered as cefpodoxime proxetil (reference) or 200 mg cefpodoxime and 200 mg acetylcysteine (test). To determine the pharmacokinetic profile of cefpodoxime the plasma concentrations were determined by HPLC. The plasma concentration-time curve of cefpodoxime was very similar after both regimens, and with respect to cefpodoxime bioequivalence has been proven. The narrow range of 90% confidence intervals for the quotient test/reference for Cmax and AUC indicate reliable bioavailability of cefpodoxime proxetil independent of co-administered acetylcysteine.

dose of cefobid

To determine whether cefpodoxime is noninferior to ciprofloxacin for treatment of acute cystitis.

cefobid paediatric dose

A total of 220 adults and children > 10 years old (mean 29.5 +/- 11.7 years) with pharyngitis/tonsillitis were randomized to receive either cefpodoxime proxetil 100 mg bid for 5 days (n = 113) or phenoxymethyl penicillin, 600 mg tid for 10 days (n = 107). At the end of treatment of the 166 evaluable patients, a satisfactory clinical response was obtained in 85/88 (96.6%) patients treated with cefpodoxime proxetil and in 75/78 (96.1%) treated with phenoxymethyl penicillin. Group A beta-hemolytic streptococci (GABHS) eradication was similar in both groups: 79/82 (96.3%) patients in the cefpodoxime proxetil group and 64/68 (94.1%) patients in the phenoxymethyl penicillin group. At follow-up (20-30 days after the end of treatment) the GABHS eradication persisted in 67/72 (93.1%) patients treated with cefpodoxime proxetil and in 56/61 (91.8%) patients treated with phenoxymethyl penicillin. Significantly better compliance (p < 0.01) was noticed with the cefpodoxime proxetil regimen compared with the phenoxymethyl penicillin regimen, with only 2/110 (2%) poorly compliant patients in the cefpodoxime proxetil group vs 17/104 (16%) in the phenoxymethyl penicillin group. Thus, the shorter duration of therapy, in conjunction with demonstrated clinical and bacteriological efficacy that is equivalent to standard therapy, makes cefpodoxime proxetil an acceptable alternative for the treatment of GABHS pharyngitis/tonsillitis.

cefobid drug

Five days of treatment with cefpodoxime is as efficacious in bacteriologic eradication and clinical response (cure plus improvement) as 10 days of cefpodoxime therapy, and both cefpodoxime regimens produced superior bacteriologic efficacy compared with a 10-day regimen of penicillin V in the treatment of group A beta-hemolytic streptococcal tonsillopharyngitis in children.

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cefobid renal adjustment dose 2017-10-04

The effect of a high-fat meal on absorption of a 200-mg dose of cefpodoxime proxetil oral suspension was evaluated in 20 healthy, male volunteers in a randomized, two-way crossover study. The concentrations of cefpodoxime in plasma and in urine were determined by sensitive and specific high-performance liquid chromatography methods. The area under the plasma drug concentration Sulfamethoxazole Dosage For Adults -time curve, time to peak concentration, and urinary excretion of cefpodoxime were significantly greater (P < or = 0.05) after administration of cefpodoxime proxetil oral suspension with food than under fasting conditions. However, the difference in the areas under the curve between fed and fasted treatments was only 11%, and application of the two one-sided tests procedure showed bioequivalence between treatments for this parameter. The slight increase in the extent of drug absorption and the slower rate of absorption which results when cefpodoxime proxetil is given with food are unlikely to be of clinical importance.

cefobid renal dose adjustment 2017-11-18

This observational study was designed to assess the acceptability of oral antibiotics (including generics) commonly prescribed to children by primary care physicians in France. It was given to 50 pediatricians and 50 GPs in private practice. For each patient, the physician and parents completed a questionnaire, and parents filled out a log for each drug intake Rozex Dose .

cefobid drug class 2015-10-24

Forty-four healthy volunteers were given either amoxycillin (ten subjects), cefpodoxime proxetil (ten subjects), ceftibuten (14 subjects) or cefuroxime axetil (ten subjects) orally for 7-10 days, in order to study the ecological effects on the intestinal microflora. In all three groups receiving oral cephalosporins there was a significant increase in beta-lactamase activity during administration (P < 0.05). There was also an Cefspan Medicine inverse correlation between enzyme activity in faeces during administration compared with the concentration of drug in the intestines and the level of ecological disturbance in the normal intestinal microflora. In volunteers given amoxycillin, only small alterations in the faecal microflora were observed although overgrowth by new amoxycillin resistant enterobacteria occurred in all volunteers. There was an overgrowth of enterococci and yeasts during treatment with cefpodoxime proxetil, ceftibuten or cefuroxime axetil, whereas the numbers of enterobacteria were reduced. Colonization with resistant enterobacteria did not occur, but 14 of 34 subjects receiving oral cephalosporins were colonized by Clostridium difficile. Side-effects were mild and not associated with the ecological alterations in the intestinal microflora.

iv cefobid dose 2016-11-17

This study confirms the disparity in terms of acceptability among the different Amoxiclav 625 Dosage antibiotics prescribed for children even for the same drug, warranting evaluation for marketing of future generic drugs pediatric oral suspension. The disparity ranges for drugs three times daily asking consequences pharmacokinetics and dosage adjustment for a transition to two doses per day.

iv cefobid dosage 2016-06-03

In a crossover study design, 25 mg of cephalexin/kg or 9.6 mg of cefpodoxime/kg was administered orally. Blood samples were collected before (time 0) and 0.33, 0.66, 1, 2, 3, 4, 6, 8, 10, 12, 16, and 24 hours after treatment. An ultrafiltration device was used in vivo to collect ISF at 0, 2, 4, 6, 8, 10, 12, 16, and 24 hours. Plasma and ISF concentrations were analyzed with high-pressure liquid chromatography. Plasma protein binding was measured by use Sulfa Antibiotics Side Effects of a microcentrifugation technique.

cefobid paeds dose 2017-05-04

This prospective randomized trial was conducted to investigate the prevention of major operating site infections after nonlaparotomy surgery, with treatment regimens as follows: the first group of patients received 2 g of intravenous cefotiam dihydrochloride (CTM) on the induction of anesthesia, while the second group received Chloromycetin Drug Interactions 100 mg of oral cefpodoxime proxetil (CPDX- PR) twice daily, from day 0 to day 2.

cefobid paediatric dose 2015-01-27

Cefpodoxime proxetil (CFP), a broad-spectrum third-generation cephalosporin, has been used most widely in the treatment of respiratory and urinary tract infections. For bioequivalence study of CFP in rabbit plasma, it was necessary to develop a highly sensitive and selective high-performance liquid chromatographic (HPLC) method with fluorescence (FL) detection. The pre-column labeling of cefpodoxime acid (CFA) (active metabolite) with an efficient benzofurazan type fluorogenic reagent, 4-N,N-dimethyl aminosulfonyl-7-fluoro-2,1,3-benzoxadiazole (DBD-F) was carried out in the present study in 100mM borate Tetrax Capsule buffer (pH=8.5) at 50°C for 15min. The obtained fluorescent products were separated on C18 column with an isocratic elution of the mobile phase, which consists of 10mM phosphate buffer (pH=3.5)/CH3CN (70:30, v/v). The fluorescent product (DBD-CFA) was detected fluorimetrically at 556nm with an excitation wavelength of 430nm. Cefotaxime sodium was used as internal standard. The method was validated according to the requirements of US-FDA guidelines. The correlation coefficient of 0.999 was obtained in the concentration ranges of 10-1000ngmL(-1). The limits of detection and quantification (S/N=3) were 3 and 10ngmL(-1), respectively. Plasma CFA levels were successfully determined in rabbit with satisfactory precision and accuracy. The proposed HPLC-FL method was successfully applied to study bioequivalence in rabbits for two formulations of different brands contained CFP (prodrug) in a randomized, two-way, single-dose, crossover study and all pharmacokinetic parameters for the two formulations were assessed.

cefobid tablets 2017-06-03

This was Clinsol Gel Side Effects a multicenter, prospective, randomized, double-blind study conducted in the United States and South Africa. Ambulatory patients with a diagnosis of CAP were randomized to 14 days of treatment with cefditoren 200 or 400 mg BID or cefpodoxime 200 mg BID. Assessments of clinical cure and pathogen eradication were conducted at 2 visits during treatment, 1 posttreatment visit (s48 hours after completion of treatment), and 1 follow-up visit (7-14 days after completion of treatment). The development of resistant pathogens was assessed at the follow-up visit but not thereafter. The relative cost of treatment was not assessed.

cefobid dosage 2015-03-03

Pharmacokinetics of cefpodoxime in plasma (total concentration) and subcutaneous fluid (free concentration using microdialysis) was investigated in dogs following single oral administration of prodrug cefpodoxime proxetil (equivalent to 5 and 10 mg/kg of cefpodoxime). In a cross over study design, six dogs per dose were utilized after a 1 week washout period. Plasma, microdialysate, and urine samples were collected upto 24 h and analyzed using high performance liquid chromatography. The average maximum concentration (C(max) ) of cefpodoxime in plasma was 13.66 (±6.30) and 27.14 (±4.56) μg/mL with elimination half-life (t(1/2) ) of 3.01 (±0.49) and 4.72 (±1.46) h following 5 and 10 mg/kg dose, respectively. The respective average area under the curve (AUC(0-∞) ) was 82.94 (±30.17) and 107.71 (±30.79) μg·h/mL. Cefpodoxime was readily distributed to skin and average free C(max) in subcutaneous fluid was 1.70 (±0.55) and 3.06 (±0.93) μg/mL at the two doses. Urinary excretion (unchanged cefpodoxime) was the major elimination route. Comparison of subcutaneous fluid concentrations using pharmacokinetic/pharmacodynamic indices of fT(>MIC) indicated that at 10 mg/kg dose; cefpodoxime would yield good therapeutic outcome in skin infections for bacteria with MIC(50) upto 0.5 μg/mL while higher doses (or more frequent dosing) may be needed for bacteria with higher Sulfa Related Antibiotics MICs. High urine concentrations suggested cefpodoxime use for urinary infections in dogs.