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The in vitro activity of Men 10700, a new penem, has been compared with that of metronidazole, clindamycin, ciprofloxacin, co-amoxiclav, imipenem and three third generation cephalosporins against 120 strains of anaerobes. The organisms tested comprised Clostridium perfringens, Clostridium difficile, Bacteroides fragilis and speciated members of the genera Fusobacterium, Veillonella and Peptostreptococcus. Men 10700 showed activity similar to that of imipenem, and was more potent than metronidazole against all species except C. difficile and P. anaerobius. The spectrum of activity of Men 10700 suggests this agent may be useful for treating infections caused by anaerobes.
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The recommended antibiotic prophylaxis by second-generation cephalosporins reduces the incidence of wound infection and empyema, but its effectiveness on postoperative pneumonias (POPs) after major lung resection lacks demonstration. We investigated risk factors and characteristics of POPs occurring when antibiotic prophylaxis by second-generation cephalosporin or an alternative prophylaxis targeting organisms responsible for bronchial colonization was used.
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Lip abscesses are a potentially serious condition rarely reported in the medical literature. This disease requires prompt diagnosis and treatment with hospitalization, intravenous antibiotics, and urgent surgical drainage. Clinical knowledge of this condition is essential to guide the differential diagnosis and correctly adapt the etiological treatment. The presence of necrotic and cavitated lesions requires ruling out immunosupression or methicillin-resistant agent. We report a necrotic and cavitated bacterial lip abscess caused by methicillin-sensitive Staphylococcus aureus in an immunocompetent male.
Leclercia adecarboxylata is being increasingly diagnosed as a causative agent of infection due to the availability of rapid molecular diagnostic techniques Few cases of bacteraemia in subjects with underlying medical conditions have been reported. We report a case of L. adecarboxylata bacteraemia in an immunocompromised patient with metabolic syndrome.
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Residual posttraumatic hemothoraces occur in 1% to 20% of patients managed with tube thoracostomy. Video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) has emerged as an alternative to thoracotomy to evacuate these retained collections. This report reviews a recent trauma unit experience with thoracoscopic evacuation of hemothoraces.
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Most gram-negative bacilli except Fusobacterium spp. were resistant to penicillin. Piperacillin/tazobactam, metronidazole, chloramphenicol, meropenem and amoxicillin/clavulanic acid were very active against all groups, but only 86% of Bacteroides fragilis group strains were susceptible to the latter. Cefoxitin, cefotetan and clindamycin were less active. In particular, only 62%, 52% and 48% of B. fragilis group strains were susceptible, respectively. Clindamycin shows a continuing decrease in activity, as 83% were still susceptible in 1987 and 66% in 1993-94. Anti-anaerobic activity of the new antibiotics is interesting, with MIC50 and MIC90 of 1 and >32 mg/L for moxifloxacin, 2 and 4 mg/L for linezolid and 0.5 and 8 mg/L for tigecycline.
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Thirty-two patients with skin infections were treated with Augmentin, a combination of amoxycillin with the beta-lactamase inhibitor clavulanic acid. These infections were primary skin sepsis (7), infected eczema (11), infected trauma (10) and leg ulcers (4). The majority of cases were caused by amoxycillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus either alone or in combination with Streptococcus pyogenes. Thirty patients (94%) responded to treatment with only one withdrawal (for side effects). Side effects were limited to nausea (9%) diarrhoea (9%) and rash (3%). No patient with diarrhoea showed evidence of Clostridium difficile toxin production in the stools. Augmentin appears to be a safe, useful, effective antibiotic for the treatment of skin infections in general practice and in hospital. It may prove of particular value when mixed infections of penicillin-resistant staphylococci and Streptococcus pyogenes are present.
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The antimicrobial activity of CP-99,219 was determined by the broth dilution method against 67 clinical isolates of Salmonella typhi. Ninety-one percent of the isolates were inhibited by < or = 0.12 mg/l of this quinolone, and all the 67 by 2.0 mg/l. Its inhibitory activity was slightly superior to ciprofloxacin and norfloxacin and significantly greater than ampicillin, augmentin, chloramphenicol and trimethoprim-sulphamethoxazole.