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Chédiak-Higashi syndrome (CHS) is a rare immunodeficient disorder. Patients with CHS are prone to severe periodontitis. To date, limited improvement following periodontal therapy has been reported. Thus, successful clinical outcomes in patients with CHS are of interest.
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Telithromycin once daily for 5 days offers effective treatment for AMS and is comparable to 10-day courses of standard treatments.
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The amoxicillin-clavulanate combination (Augmentin) frequently induces gastric complaints and diarrhea by an unknown mechanism. The aim of this study was to assess the effects of two orally therapeutic regimens of amoxicillin-clavulanate on small bowel motility in human beings. Duodeno-jejunal manometric recordings were performed in six healthy subjects treated in a cross-over double-blind study with placebo; amoxicillin-clavulanate, 1 g plus 250 mg per os every 12 h for 3 days; or amoxicillin-clavulanate, 1 g plus 250 mg per os every 12 h on day 3 only (1-day regimen). Recordings were all performed on day 3 during a diurnal fasting period, a fed state after a standard dinner, and a nocturnal fasting period. Amoxicillin-clavulanate did not affect the motility of the small intestine during the diurnal fast or the fed state. During the nocturnal fast, amoxicillin-clavulanate significantly increased the motility index of the nonpropagated contractions and tended to increase the duration and the amplitude of the propagated contractions. The same digestive motor effect was already observed on the first day of treatment (1-day regimen). This study demonstrates that the oral administration of a therapeutic regimen of amoxicillin-clavulanate is associated, in most cases, with the occurrence of small intestinal motor disturbances.
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Several bacteriological, historical, treatment-related factors were identified as predictors of early (EOT) and later (8 weeks posttherapy) clinical failure in this older outpatient population with moderate-to-severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. These patients should be closely monitored and sputum cultures considered before and after treatment.
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All randomized trials identified using the search strategy described by the Cochrane Pregnancy and Childbirth Group. Date of last search: 31 May 2001.
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Fifteen Brain Heart Infusion agar plates were inoculated with Enterococcus faecalis-American Type Culture Collection (ATCC) 29212. 5 micrograms (mcg) Sparfloxacin discs, 30mcg Augmentin discs, and sterile paper test discs saturated with 2% Chlorhexidine (CHX), 3% Sodium Hypochlorite (NaOCl) and 5% NaOCl solutions were placed on agar plates. Sodium Chloride 0.9% (NaCl) paper discs were used as controls. Fifteen plates were incubated aerobically at 37°C. Results were expressed as per the terms of the diameter of the inhibition zone.
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476 patients suffering from an AECB were randomised to either a short course of pristinamycin, 3 G daily for 4 days, or conventional treatment with co-amoxiclav (AAC) 2G daily for 8 days. The duration of follow-up was 6 months.
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Amoxicillin/clavulanic acid 2000 mg/125 mg extended release (Augmentin XR), referred to herein as amoxicillin/clavulanic acid XR, is a pharmacokinetically enhanced formulation designed to provide more effective therapy in adults and adolescents than conventional formulations against community-acquired respiratory tract pathogens, particularly Streptococcus pneumoniae, with reduced susceptibility to amoxicillin.Amoxicillin/clavulanic acid XR maintains plasma amoxicillin concentrations >4 microg/mL for a mean of 49% of the dosing interval indicating that it would be highly effective against S. pneumoniae strains with minimum inhibitory concentrations (MICs) above the National Committee for Clinical Laboratory Standard's amoxicillin +/- clavulanic acid susceptibility breakpoint of < or = 2 microg/mL. Amoxicillin/clavulanic acid XR is at least as effective as conventional amoxicillin/clavulanic acid formulations, levofloxacin, and clarithromycin in treating community-acquired pneumonia, acute bacterial sinusitis, or acute exacerbations of chronic bronchitis, and has a tolerability profile comparable to that of conventional amoxicillin/clavulanic acid formulations. While the incidence of amoxicillin- or multidrug-resistant S. pneumoniae is not currently sufficient in most regions to warrant the routine empiric use of amoxicillin/clavulanic acid XR, the drug would be extremely useful in those regions with a high incidence of resistant pathogens or in selected patients (i.e. those with S. pneumoniae isolates having amoxicillin MICs > or = 2 microg/mL but < or = 4 microg/mL).
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We sought to determine whether the bacteria in complicated rhinosinusitis were the typical acute rhinosinusitis triad of Streptococcus pneumoniae, Haemophilus influenzae, and Moraxella catarrhalis. We also compared the difference in yield between infection sites and blood cultures.